Understanding how leadership works is a challenging subject. Some many theories and frameworks claim to have the answer, such as the excellent man concept, personality traits, behavioral patterns, transformational circumstances, and more. Each of these has its take on whether or not leaders are born, made, or acquired. They also have their own set of skills and attributes that they must develop to lead.

A new study conducted by McKinsey & Company revealed that there are four essential elements that every leader should have to succeed. These include developing a small subset of skills that are related to leadership success.

The firm looked into the traits commonly associated with leadership and found that assertive people are likelier to have these characteristics. It also noted that weak people are more likely to have these characteristics.

  1. Effective Problem-Solving 

Before you can lead, you must first know where to take your organization or team. This will allow you to resolve the issues arising in the decisions being made effectively. This skill is especially important if you’re dealing with major strategic issues or resolving conflicts within a team.

  1. Have Strong Results Orientation

Leaders are responsible for directing a group’s resources to achieve a particular goal. There needs to be more than just setting goals and acting as a visionary to be successful leaders; they also need to achieve results. According to McKinsey, those with solid results prioritize productivity and efficiency.

  1. Find Different Perspectives

Despite having great ideas, leaders tend to act from their own biases and rely on their insights when making decisions. This can lead to a waste of the team’s experience and potential understanding. Leaders should also seek other perspectives and put their concerns into a proper perspective.

  1. Supportive of Others

One of the most important aspects of a leader’s job is showing genuine interest in others. According to McKinsey, this can help them improve the efficiency of their organization and prevent employees from getting distracted. They also need to help diffuse the fears of their subordinates about external threats.

The four factors above are also associated with good leadership. However, they need to define what makes a good leader.